Overview

This lesson explores the influence of geography on adobe architecture in New Mexico. In groups, students investigate one of three types of New Mexican adobe architecture - Pueblo, Territorial or Northern New Mexican. An interactive media piece allows students to design a floor plan and calculate the area of the rooms.

Student Pages

Online Student Activity

Introduction

This lesson explores the influence of geography on adobe architecture in New Mexico. In groups, students investigate one of three types of New Mexican adobe architecture - Pueblo, Territorial or Northern New Mexican. An interactive media piece allows students to design a floor plan and calculate the area of the rooms. A major objective of this activity is for students to serve as teachers or class experts.

Student Outcomes

After completing this lesson students will be able to:

Technology Usage

Preparation:

Tasks

  1. Instruct students to identify landforms and physical features on a blank outline map of New Mexico. Encourage the use of textbooks, Encarta 2000, or the Internet as references.
  2. Introduce Pueblo, Territorial, and Northern New Mexican styles of adobe architecture in New Mexico using pictures.
  3. Introduce vocabulary. Put the vocabulary words on a large sheet of paper. Post on a wall where students may refer to it.
  4. Have students locate areas within New Mexico where each type of architecture was traditionally located.
  5. Brainstorm why these different styles may have been located in each of these areas. (i.e. metal-pitched roofs were used in Northern New Mexico because it allowed the snow to melt off the roofs). Have students refer back to the maps they filled out with the different landforms and physical features in the state of New Mexico.
  6. Discuss the availability of materials and the difficulty of transporting materials during the time period when each type of architecture originated.
  7. Using a Venn diagram, students compare the three different types of architecture.
  8. Students, in groups of 4-5, choose one type of architecture to research.
  9. Show students examples of a PowerPoint™ presentation. Encourage the use of a variety of media such as the Internet, Encarta, books, or magazines to incorporate into presentations.

Presentation

Students use MS PowerPoint™ to make a visual presentation that explains a style of adobe architecture.

Assessment

Students' PowerPoint presentations and advertisements will be assessed using a teacher created rubric. The rubric and a checklist of items are given to the students before they begin the activities. See attached rubric.

Extension

Groups then create an advertisement to sell a house typical of the style researched. Brainstorm with students various purposes and audiences the advertisement. (What is the target for the advertisement: the Sunday classifieds, a magazine?) Students are given checklists and rubrics to be used in assessing presentations.

Students may create small adobe bricks by mixing straw, dirt, and water. Once the adobe bricks are formed, they should be sun-dried. Recipes for making adobes in a school setting may be found at: Building Community: The roots of adobe

Resources

Online

Offline Southwest Architecture and Children, posters from The University of New Mexico School of Architecture and Planning. Spears, B. (1986). American adobes: Rural houses of northern New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Bunting, B. (1964). Taos adobe: Spanish Colonial and Territorial architecture of the Taos valley. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press. Dickey, R. F. (1949). New Mexico village arts. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Downloading and Printing Files

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Microsoft Word (.doc)

New Mexican Architecture-includes all materials and student pages.

Acrobat Reader (.pdf)

New Mexican Architecture-includes all materials and student pages.

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Standards