The search for solutions to disease
weapons and limited ammunition were just some of the
problems that plagued the 200th and 515th Coast Artillery
during their Bataan ordeal. In addition to being outnumbered
by the Japanese Army, the men also fought tropical diseases
such as malaria, beriberi, and dengue fever. Limited
rations and difficulty with distribution during the
war created severe food shortages. As a result, most
men had weakened immune systems, making them more likely
to have frequent health problems.
Using authentic scenarios from World War II, students
work collaboratively to develop solutions. Students
apply problem solving and decision-making skills in
a historical context where the challenges of war and
coping methods are emphasized.
the problem solving process to identify a problem;
gather information, suggest solutions, list and consider
advantages and disadvantages of solutions, choose
and implement a solution, and evaluate the effectiveness
of the solution using technology to present findings
(SS I-D, 5-8: 7-2).
factors affecting location of human activities, including
land use patterns (SSII-A, 7:2).
events and issues based on the historical, economic,
political, social, and geographic context of the participants
(SS I-D, 9-12:4).
problem solving and decision making skills in a cooperative
environment to a variety of authentic situations.
the challenges of meeting human needs with limited
supplies and resources.
the complexity of problem solving and decision making
yourself with each situation in the Scenarios.
Students should view Siege of Bataan and Survival
slideshows prior to the lesson.
the lesson with a discussion of the challenges the
200th and 515th Coast Artillery experienced during
the siege of Bataan.
one scenario to each group and a medical problems
handout to each student. Emphasize that discussions
of war are challenging, as they deal with serious
issues involving individuals with unique reactions
to stressful and emotionally intense situations. There
are no right or wrong answers. What is appropriate
is a genuine consideration for humanity.
brainstorm a solution to the scenario in a given amount
of time (20 minutes). Encourage students to rely on
their group members for support. Guide the students,
and refrain from suggesting or providing additional
share information and questions they've brainstormed.
activity may also serve as an introduction to a research
project on medical problems common to the Philippines
during the years 1940-45.
Groups present their findings, restating the
problem and explaining possible solutions.
the group problem solving/decision making process
with students via discussion. Ask them to share what
they found challenging about the process, what they
found difficult about it, how they addressed the challenges,
a conversation about problem solving and decision
making during times of war. Ask students how their
situations would be handled under different circumstances.
Would they have happened the same way? What challenges
would have been different?
write a journal entry with a prompt of, "Describe
the challenges and frustrations you encountered while
exploring medical problems that were typical of the
wartime experience during the siege of Bataan."
authentic situations were common problems with the Bataan
soldiers and POWs. The following health problems are
addressed in each scenario.
Scenario 1: dengue fever, malaria, typhus
Scenario 2: gangrene
Scenario 3: malnourishment
Scenario 4: malaria
Scenario 5: cholera, dysentery
Scenario 6: beriberi
Scenario 7: diphtheria
Scenario 8: pellagra
Scenario 9: wet beriberi
Scenario 10: night blindness from malnutrition
Scenario 11: lice, typhus, dysentery, cholera
Scenario 12: post traumatic stress disorder